worm drive shaft

Why Not to Use Worm Gears
There is one particularly glaring reason why one would not choose a worm gear more than a typical gear: lubrication. The motion between the worm and the wheel gear faces is entirely sliding. There is no rolling element of the tooth contact or interaction. This makes them fairly difficult to lubricate.
The lubricants required are often very high viscosity (ISO 320 and better) and therefore are difficult to filter, and the lubricants required are usually specialized in what they perform, requiring a product to be on-site particularly for that type of equipment.
Worm Gear Lubrication
The primary problem with a worm gear is how it transfers power. It really is a boon and a curse at the same time. The spiral movement allows huge amounts of reduction in a comparatively small amount of space for what is required if a typical helical gear were used.
This spiral motion also causes a remarkably problematic condition to be the principal mode of power transfer. This is often called sliding friction or sliding wear.
With a typical gear set the energy is transferred at the peak load point on the tooth (referred to as the apex or pitchline), at least in a rolling wear condition. Sliding occurs on either side of the apex, however the velocity is fairly low.
With a worm gear, sliding motion is the only transfer of power. As the worm slides over the tooth of the wheel, it gradually rubs off the lubricant film, until there is absolutely no lubricant film still left, and as a result, the worm rubs at the metallic of the wheel in a boundary lubrication regime. When the worm surface leaves the wheel surface, it accumulates more lubricant, and begins the process over again on the next revolution.
The rolling friction on an average gear tooth requires little in the way of lubricant film to fill in the spaces and separate the two components. Because sliding happens on either part of the apparatus tooth apex, a slightly higher viscosity of lubricant than is certainly strictly necessary for rolling wear is required to overcome that load. The sliding happens at a comparatively low velocity.
The worm on a worm set gear turns, and while turning, it crushes against the load that’s imposed on the wheel. The only method to prevent the worm from touching the wheel is definitely to have a film thickness large enough never to have the whole tooth surface area wiped off before that section of the worm has gone out of the load zone.
This scenario takes a special kind of lubricant. Not just will it will have to be a relatively high viscosity lubricant (and the higher the strain or temperature, the higher the viscosity should be), it will need to have some way to greatly help get over the sliding condition present.
Read The Right Method to Lubricate Worm Gears for more information on this topic.
Custom Worm Gears
Worm Gears are right angle drives providing huge swiftness ratios on comparatively brief center distances from 1/4” to 11”. When correctly mounted and lubricated they function as the quietist and smoothest working type of gearing. Due to the high ratios feasible with worm gearing, optimum speed reduction can be accomplished in less space than a great many other types of gearing. Worm and worm gears are powered by nonintersecting shafts at 90° angles.
worm drive shaft EFFICIENCY of worm equipment drives depends to a big degree on the helix angle of the worm. Multiple thread worms and gears with higher helix angle prove 25% to 50% better than one thread worms. The mesh or engagement of worms with worm gears generates a sliding action causing considerable friction and better loss of efficiency beyond other styles of gearing. The utilization of hardened and surface worm swith bronze worm gears raises efficiency.
LUBRICATION is an essential factor to boost effectiveness in worm gearing. Worm gear action generates considerable high temperature, decreasing efficiency. The quantity of power transmitted at a given temperature boosts as the performance of the gearing boosts. Proper lubrication enhances effectiveness by reducing friction and warmth.
RATIOS of worm gear sets are dependant on dividing the number of teeth in the gear by the amount of threads. Thus single threads yield higher ratios than multiple threads. All Ever-Power. worm gear pieces are available with either remaining or right hands threads. Ever-Power. worm equipment sets can be found with Single, Double, Triple and Qua-druple Threads.
Basic safety PROVISION: Worm gearing shouldn’t be used as a locking mechanism to carry heavy weights where reversing action can cause harm or injury. In applications where potential damage is nonexistent and self-locking is desired against backward rotation then use of a single thread worm with a minimal helix angle instantly locks the worm equipment drive against backward rotation.
MATERIAL recommended for worms is certainly hardened steel and bronze for worm gears. Nevertheless, depending on the application unhardened metal worms operate adequately and more economically with cast iron worm gears at 50% horsepower ratings. In addition to metal and hardenedsteel, worms can be found in stainless, light weight aluminum, bronze and nylon; worm gears can be found in steel, hardened metal, stainless, aluminium, nylon and non-metallic (phenolic).
Ever-Power also sells equipment tooth measuring devices called Ever-Power! Gear Gages decrease mistakes, save time and money when identifying and buying gears. These pitch templates can be found in nine sets to recognize all the regular pitch sizes: Diametral Pitch “DP”, Circular Pitch “CP”, External Involute Splines, Metric Module “MOD”, Stub Tooth, Great Pitches, Coarse Pitches and Unusual Pitches. Refer to the section on Equipment GAGES for catalog amounts when ordering.